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The Forgotten Chapter: Who Invaded Ethiopia in 1935 during the Second Italo-Ethiopian War?

Introduction to the Second Italo-Ethiopian War

The Second Italo-Ethiopian War, also known as the Abyssinian War, was a conflict that took place between Italy and Ethiopia from 1935 to 1936. This war holds significant historical importance as it was one of the last major colonial wars fought in Africa and had far-reaching consequences for both nations involved. One of the key questions that often arises when discussing this war is: Who invaded Ethiopia in 1935? In this article, we will delve into this forgotten chapter of history and shed light on the invasion of Ethiopia during the Second Italo-Ethiopian War.

Background of the Conflict

To understand the invasion of Ethiopia in 1935, it is crucial to examine the background of the conflict. Italy, under the rule of dictator Benito Mussolini, had imperial ambitions and sought to expand its colonial empire in Africa. Ethiopia, on the other hand, was the only African nation to successfully resist European colonization during the scramble for Africa in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. This clash of interests ultimately led to the outbreak of war between Italy and Ethiopia.

Italy’s Invasion of Ethiopia

In 1935, Italy launched a full-scale invasion of Ethiopia with the aim of establishing Italian dominance over the region. The invasion was led by General Emilio De Bono and involved a well-equipped and technologically advanced Italian army. Italy’s invasion was characterized by the use of modern warfare tactics, including the deployment of tanks, airplanes, and chemical weapons.

Key Players in the Invasion

The invasion of Ethiopia in 1935 involved several key players on both the Italian and Ethiopian sides. On the Italian side, General Emilio De Bono played a crucial role as the overall commander of the invading forces. Other notable figures include Marshal Pietro Badoglio and General Rodolfo Graziani, who led the Italian troops in various battles.

On the Ethiopian side, Emperor Haile Selassie emerged as the central figure and leader of the resistance against the Italian invasion. His determination and leadership played a significant role in rallying the Ethiopian people to defend their independence.

Military Strategies Employed by the Invading Forces

The Italian forces employed various military strategies during the invasion of Ethiopia. One of the key strategies was the use of aerial bombing, which targeted Ethiopian cities, towns, and infrastructure. Additionally, the Italians utilized their superior firepower and technology to gain an advantage over the Ethiopian forces. They also employed the scorched earth tactic, destroying villages and crops to weaken the Ethiopian resistance.

Ethiopian Resistance and Its Leaders

Despite facing a well-equipped and technologically advanced enemy, the Ethiopian resistance put up a fierce fight against the Italian invaders. Emperor Haile Selassie, along with Ethiopian military leaders such as Ras Desta Damtew and Ras Kassa Haile Darge, led the resistance efforts. The Ethiopian forces employed guerrilla warfare tactics and utilized their knowledge of the terrain to launch successful counterattacks against the Italian forces.

International Response to the Invasion

The invasion of Ethiopia in 1935 drew significant international attention and sparked widespread outrage. However, the response of the international community was largely ineffective in preventing Italy’s aggression. Despite the existence of the League of Nations, an international organization aimed at maintaining peace and security, the League failed to take decisive action against Italy. Some nations, such as the United States, placed economic sanctions on Italy, but these measures did little to halt the invasion.

Legacy and Consequences of the Invasion

The invasion of Ethiopia in 1935 had profound and lasting consequences for both Italy and Ethiopia. For Italy, the war was a costly endeavor that strained its resources and tarnished its international reputation. The Italian victory in Ethiopia did not result in the expected benefits, and Mussolini’s dreams of establishing a new Roman Empire in Africa were never fully realized.

For Ethiopia, the invasion marked a temporary setback in its struggle for independence and self-determination. However, the resistance efforts of the Ethiopian people and the international attention generated by the war ultimately contributed to the restoration of Ethiopian sovereignty.

Uncovering the Forgotten Chapter: Who Invaded Ethiopia in 1935?

The forgotten chapter of who invaded Ethiopia in 1935 during the Second Italo-Ethiopian War can be attributed to the fact that the invasion was carried out by the Kingdom of Italy under the leadership of Benito Mussolini. Italy’s aggressive expansionist policies and desire for a colonial empire led to the invasion, which aimed to establish Italian dominance over Ethiopia.

Conclusion: Remembering the History of the Second Italo-Ethiopian War

The Second Italo-Ethiopian War and the invasion of Ethiopia in 1935 hold significant historical importance. It was a conflict that tested the resilience and determination of the Ethiopian people in their fight against Italian imperialism. Remembering this forgotten chapter of history is crucial to understanding the complexities of colonialism and the struggles for independence that shaped the African continent.

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